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Peas (Pisum sativum)

Pisum sativum, or the pea plant, produces peapods containing edible seeds.

Peapods are botanically classified as fruits, although they are commonly regarded as vegetables for culinary purposes. Peas are commonly green in colour, although may be purple or yellow. These plants are well known as being the model for many of Mendel’s genetic experiments. In these experiments Mendel noted what traits were exhibited when different combinations of peas were used to produce offspring.