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Malaria is a serious tropical disease passed on by one-celled plasmodium parasites carried by female Anopheles mosquitoes.

There are four types of human malaria: Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale and P. falciparum all carried by Anophles. P. vivax and P. falciparum are the most common forms, with Falciparum being the most deadly. Nets are the most effective way to protect people vulnerable to the disease who often get bitten by mosquitos while sleeping at dusk and dawn when the air is calm and the mosquitos are most active.