Cytotoxic T cells kill cancerous and virally infected cells by injecting them with enzymes that break down the cell from the inside-out. Obviously it’s quite important that they don’t do that to healthy cells. The damage caused to the liver by hepatitis B virus is almost entirely down to these T cells trying to […]
Microtubules are structural scaffolding within cells. They’re a bit like the poles in a tent, but they’re constantly growing and shrinking depending on what the cell needs. They’re made up of individual proteins that assemble into tubes by stacking onto each other like a spiral staircase. Similar structures are created from a protein from actin. […]
S cerevisiae is the same type of yeast used to make beer and bread. It’s also used by scientists to research DNA damage and repair. Despite being only one cell big, we still share about 31% of our genes with them. Yeast cells can double every 2 hours, so they have to be diluted and […]
Price fluctuations and the use of bitcoin: an empirical inquiry Client: Mendeley This illustration was created for a researcher on behalf of Mendeley. It explored the two strands of the paper. Firstly how the price of bitcoin fluctuated compared to more established currencies. It found that changes in the currency price was primarily driven by the number […]
Emerging Viral infections Created for Creative Reactions, Pint of Science Based on the research of Dr Lydia Drumright. This piece features the viral structures of the five most frequently studied emerging viral infections investigated by Drumright. These are Norovirus, HIV, Influenza, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis E. The different colour combinations of the viruses show the genetic […]
Gastric epithelium This illustration was created from a microscope slide of gastric epithelium. The illustration shows the various layers of the epithelium, from the folds of the mucosa down to the smooth muscle that lines the organ.
Lung histology This illustration was created from a microscope slide of alveolar tissue from the lungs. The majority of the illustration is empty due to the volume of empty space found in the lungs for gas exchange. There are also blood vessels with red blood cells (white) to transport gases. The alveolar wall is only one […]
Steatosis (fatty liver) This illustration was created from a microscope slide of a liver that had accumulated large fat globules within its cells as a result of prolonged exposure to toxins such as alcohol.
The genetic landscape of a cell The Boone lab map genetic interaction networks within cells. The take the model organism S. cerevisea (budding yeast) and investigate synthetic lethal interactions between genes. Synthetic lethality looks at combinations of gene knockouts where the organism can survive if just one gene is knocked out, but both in combination are […]